When it comes to religious diversity, Omaha has churches, cathedrals, synagogues, mosques and temples. The metro's immigrant, migrant and refugee settlers planted deep roots of Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and Eastern Orthodoxy that still flourish today. The imprint Mormon pioneers made during the 19th century lives on in Florence and Council Bluffs.
Today's local religious landscape also includes Bahá’í, Buddhist, Hindu, Islamic, New Religion, Pagan, Atheist and Unitarian centers. Throughout the metro, interfaith efforts abound: Inclusive Communities, Together Inc., Omaha Together One Community, Neighbors United and the Tri-Faith Initiative. Countryside Community Church programs sometimes feature interfaith dialogues. There are also serious religious studies offerings at local institutions of higher learning that invite cross-current explorations.
Omaha is not immune to religious bigotry. Hate crimes have defaced area mosques amidst rising anti-Islamic fervor. As recent and still waging wars demonstrate, religion, like race and nationality, can be a wedge for conflict or a bridge for understanding. Schisms happen within and between countries, denominations, congregations, tribes, sects, even individuals. As a house divided starts at home, interfaith couples carry loaded religious commerce. One such couple is Sharif Liwaru and Gabrielle Gaines Liwaru of Omaha. He's a Muslim by birth and choice. She's a self-professed "follower of Jesus" after growing up Lutheran and Assembly of God.
The 40-something-year-old parents of three are professionals and community activists. He directs the Office of Equity and Diversity at Omaha Public Schools and is president-CEO of the Malcolm X Memorial Foundation. She's a teaching artist. They're both active in the African Culture Connection, the Empowerment Network and the Black Lives Matter movement.
They shared with The Reader how they make their blended union work in this fractious era when contrasting persuasions can be deal-breakers. Not surprisingly, for two people who advocate engagement, they go to great lengths to ensure they remain connected despite their differences. It starts with respecting each other and their sometimes opposing beliefs.
Gabrielle said, "As a follower of Jesus in an interfaith marriage what I admire is that Sharif is not every Muslim ... he is his own Muslim. He's unique. Each person and their set of beliefs does not have to be exactly like the rest in their group and it goes for me as well. I'm happy that in our relationship we explore ideas and spiritual matters together."
Though born Muslim to convert parents, Sharif thoroughly examined his faith and recommitted to it as a young man.
"This settles easy on my heart and on my mind," he said of his practice. "It makes sense for me," His disciplines include fasting, praying five times a day and weekly congregational prayer.
When the couple met 23 years ago, Gabrielle's religious traditions demonized Muslims. The more time she spent with Sharif and other Muslims, she came to see those positions as false.
"In a lot of ways, shapes and forms, the attitudes-beliefs of Christians towards Muslims are wrong," she said.
Marriage only confirmed her new-found outlook. "I have a husband who has a golden heart and he is Muslim. I'm extremely in love with how he depicts himself within black American culture and with how he's chosen to be Muslim, too."
The couple married despite each being warned against if not forbidden from mating with someone of another faith.
"Both of us we're breaking rules against our religion to be together," she said.
They met at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. She was a single mom and aspiring artist and art educator. He was a community volunteer. They began as platonic friends. To this day their friendship and love trump any conflicts.
"In faith and spirituality when there are disagreements," Sharif said, "there's a barrier that can come from I-feel-it's-this-way and you-feel-it's-that-way and there's no reconciliation.
We're not trying to create a sense of hierarchy of one being better than the other. At the same time, if either one of us felt the other's path was the path, we would have been on it. So, in as much as we agree with the other, we have to acknowledge each of us thinks we're right."
"In situations where Sharif thinks he's right, I still have to respect him to the core as being a peaceful person," she said.
They try emphasizing those things on which they are of one accord.
"We are connected purposefully and spiritually and aligned in so many ways, so it's a challenge trying to walk through the things we may see differently," Sharif said. "Our ideologies are very similar in terms of how we treat one another, the belief in one god and in a creator, the understanding that your actions need to reflect what you believe, the sense of having purpose and being created intentionally, having strong moral values and the way you carry yourself as vital."
Gabrielle said she believes she and Sharif are ordained "to journey together to do the things that make this place better," adding, "We strengthen community, we strengthen our children and family and we're role models for people to see that oh, yes, you can get beyond differences."
It hasn't always been easy.
"For many years she wasn't sure how I would take it if she was using Jesus a lot," Sharif said. "I wasn't sure how she would take different things like greeting someone with 'as-salamu alayka' or s'alamun alaykum' [peace and blessings or complimenting someone with 'alhumdulillah' ... all praises be to god]. Or praying-reading from the Koran before eating. Or using Allah for God. Those are Arabic words for English words commonly agreed upon and used in the house.
"We sometimes would self-dictate what made the other person feel uncomfortable. But then as we started to explore and grow,
especially in terminology, she used Yah as the one creator and I used Allah. We came to an understanding that when we say that we're not saying it be contentious, rather we're saying the same thing in two different ways. We don't see them as counter or correction."
As much as he or she might want the other to follow their beliefs, neither takes offense at their choosing not to.
She said she doesn't accept the Prophet Mohammed as "the final messenger Jesus said was to come after him. I feel like Jesus was talking about the spirit of truth and great comforter that would never leave us alone and would guide us without us having to follow a man and what the man said. I feel that deep in my soul and, yes, I would like my husband to feel that."
She takes issue with the inequity Muslim women face. There are things about Christianity he finds difficult.
Each felt pressure to bring up they're kids in a certain faith.
"There was a lot of recruiting by our parents wanting to make sure they grew up in the faith tradition they believed," Sharif said. "We exposed them very intentionally and unashamedly to our faith. It was no secret Christian faith was on one side of the family and Islamic faith on the other side."
He said he and Gabrielle left it open for their kids to identify as they saw fit. "Our kids grew to be examiners of information. The same way they took everything, they absorbed and created their own paths." At various times, he said, they identified as "Muslim-Christian, neither-both, half Muslim and half Christian."
In 2015 the couple's middle child, Zaiid, was killed in an auto accident and the loss set them on a new path seeking answers.
"The passing of our son had us exploring an element of our faith we didn't have many occasions to discuss [before]," Sharif said. "We found commonalities in the way we saw things and we talked through differences. Everything from wording to where Zaiid is now – physical presence versus spiritual presence – to where we originate from as human beings to where we come after we die. We share the philosophy that we are souls with a body, not bodies that have souls. Our bodies are vessels we carry until we return to our creator."
The couple doesn't allow any divergence to supersede their relationship.
"The harmony we want is because of our love – our love being bigger than him having a different religion than my spiritual way," Gabrielle said. "It's love above all,"
They are secure enough that they can broach awkward disagreements without fear of rejection or resentment or rupture.
"Because of the way we feel about each other," Sharif said, "we can go deep into conversations other people can't and we feel confident in exploring things. There's intentionality and purpose. We work on it as much as we do for us because we've vested this many years into it, but beyond that working on us is working on God's plan. That part we know to be truth – no doubt. We have to work through some stuff we don't agree with or understand but we know the outcome will still be that this union stays. As much as we have some [conflicting] areas, I believe we're walking the same path."
Gabrielle doesn't mask feelings about certain tenets of Islam she opposes, but she delights in how she and Sharif find common ground.
"I view Islam as being a religion and I feel less inclined to follow any religion," she said. "In his mosque I can't go with him and stand or sit and make Salat with him, and I don't agree with that. I want to be led spiritually by my husband. I want to have that accountability for a man to uphold his household with first priority to serving God and loving his wife and giving to his children every nurturing and provision he can.
"Sharif embodies all these beautiful characteristics to me and when I can grab his hand and we pray, each of us understands, we're worshiping," she said, clasping his hand in hers at their dining room table. "And I believe it doesn't need a religion that goes with that. It's just us trying to put God at the center of our marriage and home and bring him glory. That's where I like to worship. Personally I have found the church of Jesus has no walls. I will continue to have church with people who believe in God, whether we're at my dining table or on somebody's couch or in a coffee shop."
She said nature, music and art resonate with her and Sharif's spirits. In their North Omaha home plants sprout everywhere, international music plays, incense burns, art pieces from friends and travels pop on walls, tables, shelves. The couple's curiosity is reflected in their many books and periodicals.
While no discernible faith artifact is displayed, the home exudes a warm, prayer-like intimacy and calm. When their kids were small the couple deliberately integrated faith into their home.
"We had the Bible, we had the Koran," Gabrielle said. "We prayed as a family. We adopted and said mostly in English a Hindu prayer. We did prayers I grew up with. We asked our kids to invent prayers. Sharif taught our kids how to make Salat. We didn't continue to do it religiously, nor did we do Bible or Koranic studies religiously, but our family has a strong sense of being together. We pray when we hear an ambulance go by. Whenever we're at the table about to eat we honor God first because from God all good things come."
Their oldest, Parris, composed a prayer the family still recites:
"Thank you Yah for this beautiful day. Thank you for all the blessings you have given us today. Please bless this food. Take any impurities out of it and let it nourish our bodies in every way it can. Please help anyone in need of your merciful blessings and wonderful healing. Amen."
The couple's faith, she said, extends to "doing community service and standing up for people in need." She stays "prayed up" for people regardless of their beliefs. "It doesn't matter what they're following, if they have a religion or not, just that they're part of who I call mine. We pray no hardship or harm for our loved ones and that means my Muslim loved ones who cover. The Muslim community is part of who I pray for all the time."
Though Gabrielle's concerned about anti-Muslim sentiment, she said, "I have more concern over Sharif's well-being because he's a black man in America versus being Muslim."
After the human stampede that killed and injured thousands during 2015's Haj, she worried about his safety on the pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, he made last summer. Not used to being apart that long, the separation reconfirmed their love.
"We missed each other like crazy when he was on his pilgrimage," she said. "I think both of us held onto that our love is going to be bringing him safely home and us back together again because of our destiny."
She feels as a couple they're still all-in.
"We have 21 years under our belts and it doesn't feel like we've come to a place of we're too tired to work on this or we don't have any sparks about each other."
Meanwhile, they support interfaith exchanges. Omahan Beth Katz used their perspective to frame dialogues and trainings at Project Interfaith. She said she admires their "commitment as individuals and as a couple" to engage on issues of identity, faith, diversity, culture and community" that are "complex and messy and many people prefer to avoid." "But I think it is precisely because they each have a deep sense of faith rooted in different religions that avoidance has never been an option and they have embraced this reality rather than resent it."
"They also didn't sugarcoat the experience," Katz said. "They revealed there were times of tension and unease. I think their willingness to share publicly their journey on issues of religion and faith speaks to the incredible respect they hold for each other as people of faith, as a couple and as a family. They live out their faiths and the common values it provides them through their commitment to their family and the larger community."
Sharif said the interfaith dynamic he and Gabrielle share adds a "very strong richness" to their lives. He agrees with Katz that most folks aren't ready for open, honest conversation along faith lines. "As a community I think we're not as engaged in that interfaith conversation as we need to be. Whether interfaith or interracial, conversations are ignored so that nobody feels uncomfortable or because you've decided you know about a particular group of people or it's just easier to have this hateful opinion versus actually listening and possibly liking the other. Some people are not prepared to deal with that dissonance."
He likes the Omaha Tri-Faith Initiative's attempt to bring Christian, Jewish, Muslim faith centers together on one campus.
"It's countering the narratives we see and hear that folks are not getting along based on their religion and the politics of that,
where in many parts of the world these three faiths are interacting in a peaceful way."
Read more of Leo Adam Biga's work at leoadambiga.com.